Mothers, Children and HIV

In recognition of World Aids Day, let’s pause to remember how HIV affects mothers and children. According to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), in the U.S.:

> Approximately 8,500 women living with HIV give birth annually (based on an estimate from 2006, the most recent available).

> Social and economic factors, especially poverty, affect access to all health care and disproportionately affect people living with HIV.

> Of the 1,995 children1, living with diagnosed perinatal HIV at the end of 2014, 1,288 (65%) were black/African American, 294 (15%) were Hispanic/Latino2, and 226 (11%) were white.

Fortunately advances in HIV research, prevention, and treatment have made it possible for many women living with HIV to give birth without transmitting the virus to their babies. In fact, since the 1990’s HIV infections through perinatal transmission have been reduced by more than 90%. Today, if a woman and her newborn receive recommended treatment throughout pregnancy and after birth, the risk of transmission can be 1% or less.

However, the CDC cites several challenges still remain including lack of information, the timing of treatment, and access to treatment. Visit the CDC website to learn more about HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children.

For a global perspective, you can read UNAIDS Children and HIV Fact Sheet


1 13 years of age or younger

2 Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race

The roles and requirements of school principal versus ECE center director: similarities, differences, and next steps

By Amy Friedlander

The K-12 education system requires principal certification.  In Pennsylvania, early childhood education (ECE) licensing requirements specify the educational attainment of directors.  Nearly a decade ago the Keystone STARS quality rating and improvement system created a Pennsylvania Director Credential.  Offered at undergraduate and graduate levels, this three-course, 9 credit credential is currently being revamped.  This blog raises questions and offers suggestions regarding how that credential might be modified in light of 1) the differences and similarities of the principal and ECE director roles; 2) the educational requirements of the roles; and, 3) the educational requirements of the teachers that they lead.

Like schools, ECE centers vary in terms of legal status (for-profit vs. non-profit, charter, public, private or parochial), structure (single vs. multi-site), ages of students taught, and philosophy (Montessori, distance learning, project based).  These variances trigger differences in job functions and confound the notion of a single set of skills, education, and experience as ideal preparation for the position of ECE director.  For instance, an ECE director that works for a for-profit company that operates several ECE centers may benefit from centralized supports and infrastructure.  An owner/director of a stand-alone for-profit ECE center is responsible for all the leadership, management, and administration – including teacher coaching and supervision, marketing, technology, human resources, facilities and security, payroll, and finance. 

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Employer-Supported Child Care

Are you an employer looking for ways to boost productivity and staff loyalty in your workplace?

Last December, the Research & Evaluation Group at Public Health Management Corporation published a report as the result of research performed by the Employer-Supported Child Care (ESCC) Project.  The ESCC Project was convened with the generous support of the William Penn Foundation to identify and promulgate effective practices and financial strategies for employers to support their employees’ early care and education needs, while at the same time strengthening their own bottom lines. The Project team engaged in a number of data collection and reporting activities to develop an understanding of current practices relating to employer-funded models of care across the country and to determine the current landscape in Philadelphia, including employee and employer interest and need. Employer-Supported Child Care Options for Philadelphia presents a range ESCC options available to employers as well as the costs and benefits associated with each option.

CLICK HERE to read the full report, if you want to dig deeper and see the research behind the report.

CDA: A Successful Tool to Develop Philadelphia's Existing Early Childhood Teachers

For more than a year, institutions of higher education, training organizations, and early childhood teachers and directors in the Philadelphia region have been engaged in conversation and collaboration around the topic of early childhood teacher preparation.  This paper, an outgrowth of this collaboration, focuses on a national credential called the Child Development Associate® (CDA) Credential. It presents information on how local CDA programs differ and suggests how the CDA relates to current and potential educational opportunities as early childhood teachers pursue higher education degrees.

READ MORE about how CDA programs are delivered, the challenges students face and the promising practices presented by these programs.